We can all agree, trees are amazing. They produce oxygen, protect the soil below and support our wildlife, whilst also acting as a huge powerhouse in fighting climate change.
They’re much more than just a part of the natural landscape around us. There’s an awful lot to love about trees, which is why we have put together 7 of our favourite facts about trees, to inspire you and trubecly inform you of the importance of the trees around you. Make sure to read on for our guide, written in collaboration with leading Tree Surgeons in Gloucester, Cheltenham Trees.
The Earth Has Over 60,000 Known Species of Trees
In April 2017, the Journal of Sustainable Forestry published the results of their scientific study, where data from museums, botanical gardens, agricultural centres and other studies was compiled. In this study, it was concluded that across the world there are 60,065 species of trees known to science.
Trees Release Chemicals Which Can Make us Happy
It has actually been proven that simply looking at trees can make us happier, feel less stressed and be more creative.
This is because they are known to let out chemicals known as Phytoncides. When we inhale Phytoncides in, they can decrease your blood pressure, lower your anxiety levels and even increase your tolerance of pain!
In fact, there is a Japanese practice that is becoming hugely popular, called forest bathing. Forest bathing involves going for mindful walks in forests, soaking up the relaxing atmosphere. It’s thought that this practice can have major benefits for your mental wellbeing.
Trees Help to Combat the Climate Chaos
When it comes to facing the current climate emergency, one of our greatest and most important allies are trees.
At the moment, we are at risk of extreme weather and sea-level rises, putting millions of lives across the world at risk. Our best chance of stopping this may be reducing the levels of CO2 we produce, however, trees absorb a huge amount of CO2 in order to grow. They also return oxygen to help us breathe.
Trees Also Host our Wildlife
Trees also act as complex microhabitats for wildlife. When they are young, they will offer habitation and food for birds, insects, lichen and fungi and when they are older, their trunks will provide cover for bats, wood-boring beetles, owls and woodpeckers.
In fact, a mature oak tree can provide a home to over 500 different species!
Some Trees Don’t Have a Growth Limit
This is quite a surprising fact, but a tree will only stop growing when its highest leaves start to die of thirst. This is because the atmospheric pressure stops nutrients from moving properly and water from the roots of the tree cannot reach these leaves.
In fact, Hyperion, a species of redwood, can grow to a staggering 116 metres high. To put that into perspective, that’s 20 metres taller than Big Ben! In fact, this species of tree is so tall its top cannot be seen from the ground.
Trees Never Die of Old Age
It’s true, a tree will never die of old age. Typically, they will be killed off by insects, disease or when they are cut down by people.
Two of the oldest species of trees (California Bristlecone Pines and Giant Sequoias) are said to have lived up to 4000 – 5000 years.
Tree Warn Others about Threats
Trees look out for each other, by releasing special chemicals that warn other trees in the area about threats such as insects.
Then these surrounding trees will be able to produce tannins to make their leaves inedible to the approaching threat.
There we have it, just seven facts about trees, out of the many millions out there. We hope that the above has helped prove to you simply how amazing and important trees are to us and the planet.