Garden attacks by pests are more common than people may think. This mostly happens in outdoor gardens, but also indoor gardens may be susceptible at times. The following are tips on identifying and dealing with any plant pests that may be ruining your garden.
If you want your garden to thrive, observation is a vital element when it comes to maintenance. Making observations as often as possible will make you more aware of any issues such as pests that may have invaded the garden plants. This is important since dealing with the problem can start much early before a lot of damage is done.
The best way to identify house plant pests is by knowing all the types of pests by name and understand their characteristics. This is the first step before deciding what actions you can take to eliminate the problems and prevent them from coming back.
Common house plant pests
Some of the common houseplant pests include Fungus gnats, aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, scale, and thrips. Like the fungus gnats, some are mostly found on outdoor plants, while other pests such as aphids and spider mites appear in indoor gardens.
Aphids are mostly green in color, but you can also see them in other colors. When they are green, it is harder to spot; hence the infestation can spread very quickly. They can be seen on the house plant’s stems and leaves with a black and sooty fungus. They make the plants’ leaves seem like they are wilting since they mainly suck the plant’s sap.
Identifying Fungus Gnats
Also known as soil gnats, fungus gnats are commonly found in the soil and affect their roots. They can mainly be identified since they seem like fruit flies around the plant, especially around the ground. They are a nuisance, especially on indoor plants, and with time, the plants may show unhealthy signs due to the infected roots.
Pest control for house plants can either be organic or chemical. The choice depends on various factors such as the size of the garden, the location it is situated, and the type of house plants grown in the park. It is always best to make organic control methods your priority. This is because it is more eco-friendly than using chemicals that may impact the environment.
If the plant is indoors, using chemicals may not be necessary as it may affect other living organisms within the household. But a combination of both organic and chemical methods may be required, especially when the damage is already severe. The following are some of the ways that common house plant pests can be dealt with.
Getting rid of aphids from plants can be quite a challenge. It is essential to follow various solutions to get as many pests away from the plants as possible. When aphids infest indoor plants, their spread can be so fast that they cause them to die. This is because they don’t have any predators such as wasps and ladybugs, which can help control them outdoors.
Spraying the plants with mild pressure water can reduce many bugs from the leaves and stems for a start. Soft soapy water that is organic can also be applied to wash the plant surfaces. The same solution should also be sprayed daily on the plants. Including some alcohol and neem oil is also a great way to deal with aphids on any infested plant.
It is vital to consider using Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis is one of the best ways to get rid of fungus gnats. The insecticide id natural; hence there’s no concern of a negative impact on the environment. It is the natural insecticide for this kind on menace and practical as well. Keeping minimum moisture levels and occasionally changing the soils on indoor plants also prevents fungus gnats.
Prevention and Tips
Prevention is one of the best ways to control plant pests. Instead of waiting to deal with them when they infest your plants, starting early to avoid them is more than ideal. Getting rid of them can take a lot of time, and sometimes you may opt to start over on a new garden due to the frustration. Below are some tips to consider to prevent such problems.
It is essential to always check the plant’s health before buying them from the store. This is to ensure they are not already infested. Thoroughly check the underside of the leaves, any sticky molds, or color spots on the plant.
Always provide the growth conditions necessary for a growing a healthy plant.
Invest in commercial soils that are already prepared for gardens.
Following the above primary pest identification and control methods will go a long way to saving your plants. The more you understand them, the easier it gets to maintain a garden thriving with healthy plants. Here is a pest guide you can check to know more about the different plant pests you might encounter in your home and how to deal with them.