How to Grow Produce in Your Garden
Many people are unaware that the fruit and vegetables that they’re buying from the supermarket are weeks to months old, affecting both nutrition and flavor. Fortunately, it’s relatively easy to grow fresh, delicious, and nutritious produce at home. You can design an edible garden in just about any outdoor space with a little research and proper planning. Here are some expert tips on how to grow fruits and vegetables that can go straight from the garden to your table.
Picking Your Plants
Not all plants thrive across a wide climate range. Certain fruits and vegetables that are sensitive to rain, temperature, or sunlight may not be able to grow in certain regions. You can check the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map or speak with an expert at your local nursery to find out more about the growing climate in your area before choosing which plants to grow. It’s also important to keep in mind that different plants fare best when sowed in different seasons. Broccoli, for example, prefers cool weather while corn grows best in the heat.
Planning Your Layout
When growing produce, it’s best to grow vegetables from complementary families together. Companion planting can help you to avoid competition or nutrient depletion that can stunt the growth of your harvest. For example, garlic and onions grow well together but should not be planted next to peas, beans, and asparagus.
How you choose to section your plants will depend primarily on how much space you have at your disposal. You need to find somewhere with enough sunlight to support plants such as tomatoes, which require at least eight hours of light a day to thrive. If you have a plot of arable soil in your garden, you can plant fruits and vegetables directly in the earth. It’s a good idea to use raised beds to give seedlings plenty of space and promote healthy drainage. If you have less space, you can grow many edible plants in pots and planter boxes. You can also make the most of the area available by growing tall, trellised plants such as peas and beans using a vertical setup.
Growing in a Greenhouse
Not all gardeners choose to grow their fruits and vegetables outdoors. There are plenty of advantages to using a greenhouse instead. Your plants are sheltered from wind, rain, cold, and pests such as birds and rodents. With a greenhouse, you can grow produce year-round regardless of climate. However, it’s important to remember that any outdoor building requires regular upkeep and maintenance.
You should regularly check your greenhouse for any damage to the structure and quickly repair any issues such as clogged drainage or broken paneling that you notice. It’s also best to keep your greenhouse clean to allow the maximum amount of light to shine through. You can clean panels with a simple solution of soap and water. If you have a cloth or plastic setup, you can gently wipe down the surface using a damp cloth.
Designing and maintaining an edible garden is relatively easy, and it’s an affordable way to supply your table with fresh produce year-round. With the right layout, you can maximize your yield and keep your plants healthy. You can also opt to grow indoors by setting up a greenhouse in your yard.